Supporting efforts to eradicate child labour in supply chains
As a leading management service provider, Achilles helps companies to manage commercial, health, safety, environmental and corporate responsibility-related risks, including child labour.
In 2007, the company launched the Electronics Industry’s Tool for Accountable Supply Chains (E-TASC) in partnership with the Global E-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) and The Electronic Industry’s Citizenship Coalition (EICC). E-TASC has now, in 2010, reached over 50 buying organisations and over 1,000 supply facilities in 40 different countries. The tool enables buying organisations to set expectations and request data from their suppliers on CSR performance issues in order to: raise awareness of CSR issues and educate suppliers in developing countries; identify and manage risk; promote responsible best practices; build local awareness and capacity to improve performance.
One of the features of the E-TASC tool is that it allows buying organisations to convey to their suppliers that they wish to eradicate child labour and to ask those suppliers for evidence that child labour is not used in their facilities. Through this tool, electronics companies are encouraged to work with suppliers to become more aware of the presence of child labour in their supply chains and to address this issue by measuring performance over time, enhancing capabilities for tackling child labour and sharing best practice solutions.
The E-TASC is due to feature on the UN Global Compact’s Supply Chain Sustainability website which will provide information on sustainable supply chain resources and tools.
Supporting health care programmes to protect child health
Shell has many years of experience of supporting targeted community health programmes in the vicinity of our major projects and operations. These aim to promote access to a range of sustainable health care services including health education, vaccinations, HIV programmes, antenatal care and the distribution of malaria bed nets.
In Nigeria, for example, Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) supported a three-year, $4.5 million (Shell share $3.4 million) partnership with Africare to reduce the impact of malaria on mothers and children in the Niger Delta through awareness programmes and the distribution of drugs and mosquito nets. In 2008, almost 1,000 nets and more than 2,000 doses of anti-malarial drugs were given away at antenatal clinics.
In addition, SPDC, in partnership with Family Health International (FHI), designed the Niger Delta AIDS Response (NiDAR) programme in 2007 with the purpose of establishing high-quality comprehensive HIV/AIDS care, treatment and support services. Since its inception, the NiDAR project has provided testing and counselling services to more than 11,000 individuals at five hospitals, of whom over 6,000 were female. More than 2,600 pregnant women enrolled for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme, while over 1,900 people who tested positive to the disease were given free anti-HIV and over 90 tuberculosis treatment. Some $3.5 million was spent on the upgrade of five hospitals while over 200 staff have been trained in HIV care. SPDC is working to scale up the project in 2010 by involving more partners and taking on additional health facilities and medical staff in other parts of the Niger Delta.
More than 800 government-employed community health staff work at over 27 health facilities supported by Shell in the Niger Delta. In 2009, they treated more than 265,000 people and helped to deliver more than 1,800 babies.
Raising awareness and sharing research about maternal health
As a world-leading provider of scientific, medical and other information, Reed Elsevier has a powerful role to play in widening access to science and improving health outcomes. The company is committed to using its research expertise and core business platforms to provide universal, sustainable access to information and to advance science and health among other goals.
Reed Elsevier is contributing to improving maternal health in a number of ways. In 2009, The Lancet, a prime medical journal published by its Elsevier division, addressed MDG 5 in articles, like Maternal and Child Health in Bolivia; in commentary, including a proposal by scientists for a global fund to achieve the health MDGs; and in editorial, with a piece by editor Richard Horton on ending maternal deaths.
Through ‘information philanthropy’ Reed Elsevier also ensures leading research is available to countries that need it most. Among key programmes is Research4Life, in partnership with United Nations agencies and other publishers, which encompasses the Health Internetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI). HINARI provides health workers and researchers in over 100 developing countries access to both core and cutting-edge health sciences information. In 2009, there were two million articles from nearly 1,600 Reed Elsevier journals downloaded through HINARI, a 30% increase over 2008.
In addition, Reed Elsevier has helped the International Council of Nurses Mobile Library set up more than 250 mobile libraries to deliver up-to-date health information to nursing professionals working in remote areas of 17 developing countries. Each library is housed in a sturdy, transportable trunk with approximately 80 titles. In 2009, Reed Elsevier won the ICN Partnership in Development Award recognising organisations that demonstrate “outstanding leadership and investment in nursing and health care capacity building, bringing benefit to the health of populations.”